Czartoryski Museum (Krakow)
Founded in 1796 by Princess Izabela Czartoryska, it contains Lady with
an Ermine, by Leonardo da Vinci, Portrait of a Young Man by
Raphael (later stolen). Other highlights include Greek vases, Roman and
Egyptian antiquities, and Limoges enamels.
Palais des Beaux-Arts (Lille)
Founded in 1809, with the second largest art collection in France after
the Louvre. It contains Antiquities, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque art,
as well as modern and contemporary painting and sculpture.
Established in 1753, it is one of the most comprehensive art museums in
the world. Its permanent collection consists of more than 8 million antiquities
and cultural art objects.
Founded by Samuel Courtauld, it houses a magnificent collection of Impressionist,
Post-Impressionist, Fauvist and Expressionist paintings.
Houses the British state collection of paintings and sculptures produced
Portrait Gallery London
Houses the world's largest collection of portraiture (200,000 portraits).
One of the best private art museums in Europe, this collection, amassed
by the Kings and Queens of England, contains almost 50,000 paintings and
drawings, together with 150,000 old master prints.
Established by the Iraqi-born British collector Charles Saatchi, it is
Britain's foremost museum of contemporary art.
Established by Sir Henry Tate, it comprises the Tate Britain (founded
1897), as well as Tate Modern (opened 2000), Tate Liverpool (opened 1988),
and Tate St Ives (opened 1993). The Tate Collection features over 66,000
and Albert Museum (London)
Has the world's most extensive collection of decorative art and design.
The brainchild of Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria.
World's most extensive assembly of Spanish
painting, by Old Masters like: El Greco, Diego Velazquez, Bartolome
Esteban Murillo, Jose de Ribera, Francisco de Zurbaran. Established by
King Charles III of Spain in 1785. It is one of the best art museums in
Spain's national museum of 20th century art (usually known as The Sofia)
contains important collections of Spain's two leading 20th century masters,
Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali, including the iconic Guernica, plus works
by: Juan Gris, Joan Miro, Eduardo Chillida, Antoni Tapies and others.
Has an important collection of 14th-Century and 15th-Century Italian paintings
by Duccio di Buoninsegna and his contemporaries, as well as Netherlandish
Renaissance painters. Baroque and late-19th early 20th-Century styles
are also featured.
Museum of Fine Arts (Moscow)
Organized by Ivan Vladimirovich Tsvetaev and opened in 1912, this is the
largest Moscow collection of European fine art. It contains works by Impressionist
and Post-Impressionist artists, including Van Gogh, Gauguin, Picasso,
Founded by Pavel Tretyakov, it contains the world's greatest holding of
Russian icons, and Russian art.
One of the best art museums in Europe, the complex comprises three major
art galleries in Munich's Kunstareal: The Alte Pinakothek
(Old Masters to 1700), The Neue Pinakothek (1700-1900), and
The Pinakothek der Moderne (20th Century).
Museum, Naples (Museo Nazionale di Capodimonti)
This palace houses the magnificent Farnese art collection, including classical
Roman, monumental sculpture, an outstanding collection of porcelain and
majolica, and much more.
National Museum of Art, Architecture
and Design (Oslo)
Established in 2003 following a merger of the Norwegian Museum of Architecture,
the Museum of Decorative Arts and Design, the Museum of Contemporary Art,
the National Gallery of Norway, and the National Touring Exhibitions,
its permanent collection features works by all important Norwegian artists,
notably Edvard Munch.
Located in the Hoge Veluwe National Park, this art museum and sculpture
garden holds the second-largest collection of Van Gogh paintings in the
world (after the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam), as well as works by Lucas
Cranach, Paul Gauguin, Odilon Redon, James Ensor, Georges Seurat, George
Braque, Piet Mondrian, Juan Gris, and Pablo Picasso. Its sculpture collection
features works by Auguste Rodin, Henry Moore, Jean Dubuffet, Lucio Fontana,
Mark di Suvero, Claes Oldenburg and many other sculptors.
Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archeology
The world's first university museum, dating from 1678, its highlights
include: Hunt in the Forest (1470) by Paolo Uccello, drawings by Leonardo
da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo, Watercolours by Turner, The Arthur
Evans Minoan collection of antiquities, and much more.
The greatest art museum in Europe, it possesses one of the world's greatest
collections of ancient, classical, Renaissance and French art.
Musee de l'Orangerie (Paris)
Located on the bank of the Seine in the old orangery of the Tuileries
Palace on the Place de la Concorde, it specializes in Impressionist and
Post-Impressionist paintings. (Since 1965, it has been the home of the
famous collection of the late Paul Guillaume.) Artists represented mostly
include members of the Ecole de Paris, like Cezanne, Matisse, Modigliani,
Monet (Nympheas, 1920-26), Picasso, Renoir, Henri 'Le Douannier' Rousseau,
Chaim Soutine, Sisley and Utrillo, and others.
Musee Marmottan Monet (Paris)
Situated in the XVIe arrondissement, its collection includes the world's
largest holding of paintings by Claude Monet, plus works by other Impressionist
and Post-Impressionist painters including, Morisot, Degas, Manet, Sisley,
Pissarro, Gauguin, Paul Signac and Renoir. It also holds the Wildenstein
Collection of illuminated manuscripts.
Arguably the best museum of 19th century French art in Europe, with the
finest collection of masterpieces by French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist
Known for its world famous collection of 20th century avant-garde works,
it is one of the best galleries of contemporary
art in Europe.
Narodni Galerie (Prague)
The Czech National Art museum includes a wide range of fine art by Czech
painters and sculptors, as well as Western paintings by Albrecht Durer
Borghese Gallery (Rome)
Contains a significant part of the Borghese collection of Classical Antiquities,
paintings, and sculptures, assembled by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the
nephew of Pope Paul V (16051621). Highlights include paintings by
Caravaggio and sculptures by Bernini.
Pamphilj Gallery (Rome)
Paintings, furniture and sculpture assembled by the Doria, Pamphilj, Landi
and Aldobrandini families, exemplified by Portrait of Innocent X
(Cardinal Giovan Battista Pamphilj) by Velazquez.
Papal apartments decorated by the High Renaissance genius Raphael.
Chapel Frescoes (Vatican)
Wall and ceiling paintings by Michelangelo (Genesis Fresco and
Last Judgmenf Fresco), plus others by Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio,
Cosimo Rosselli, Luca Signorelli, Pietro Perugino and Pinturicchio.
One of the best art museums in Europe, it houses the priceless collection
of painting, Italian Renaissance sculpture
and antiquities assembled over the centuries by the Catholic Church.
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam)
Established in 1847 by Frans Jacob Otto Boijmans, it is the principal
art gallery in Rotterdam, containing masterpieces by Hieronymus Bosch,
Pieter Brueghel the Elder, Rembrandt and Salvador Dali.
Founded in 1792, its collection includes 500,000 drawings from the Middle
Ages to 1900, along with a variety of porcelain, painting and sculpture.
Museum of Fine Arts (Musee des Beaux-Arts)
Permanent collection highlights include works by Giotto di Bondone, Carlo
Crivelli, Piero di Cosimo, Cima da Conegliano, Correggio, Guercino, and
Canaletto; and Netherlandish paintings by Hans Memling, Gerard David,
Maarten van Heemskerck and Pieter de Hooch.
State Museum (St Petersburg)
Founded by Catherine the Great, the Hermitage is one of the world's largest
Academy Gallery (Galleria dell'Accademia di Venezia)
Houses numerous masterpieces of Venetian
painting, including works by Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), Giorgione
(1477-1510), Titian (c.1488-1576),
Jacopo Tintoretto (1518-1594) and Paolo Veronese (1528-1588).
Guggenheim Museum, Venice
Founded by Peggy Guggenheim, it is famous for its collection of 20th century
modernism, featuring works of Cubism, Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism.
Its picture collection is founded on the collections of three Habsburg
art collectors - Archduke Ferdinand II (15291595), Emperor Rudolf
II (15521612) and Archduke Leopold Wilhelm (16141662). Also
contains the largest holding of works by Pieter Bruegel the Elder.
National Museum (Warsaw)
Contains some 780,000 items including works by Botticelli, Rubens and
Rembrandt. Polish artists include: Jozef Chelmonski, Aleksander Gierymski,
Jan Matejko, Jozef Mehoffer, Jacek Malczewski, Stanislaw Wyspianski, Henryk
Siemiradzki, and many others.
E.G. Buhrle Foundation, Kunstmuseum
Home to an outstanding collection of French Impressionism and Post-Impressionism.
Museums in USA
For the finest public art galleries and
collections in the United States, please see: Best
Art Museums in America.
Museums in Australia
The finest public art museums in Australia
include: the National
Gallery of Australia (Canberra); the National
Gallery of Victoria (Melbourne), the Queensland
Art Gallery (Brisbane), the Art
Gallery of New South Wales (Sydney), the Art
Gallery of South Australia (Adelaide), and the Art
Gallery of Western Australia (Perth).