Albright-Knox Art Gallery. Among
the best art museums in the world.
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, New York
BEST ART MUSEUMS
IN NEW YORK
Situated in Delaware Park close to Buffalo State College, in Buffalo, New York, the Albright-Knox Art Gallery is one of the best art museums in America. The gallery concentrates on modern art as well as contemporary art, and its collection represents most of the major art movements, including Impressionism, Cubism, Abstract Expressionism and many others. With masterpieces by important European painters such as Gauguin, Van Gogh, Modigliani, Picasso and Joan Miro, as well as American modernists like Jackson Pollock, Robert Motherwell, Willem de Kooning, Arshile Gorky and the sculptor Louise Nevelson, its no wonder that art scholar Thomas Hoving, a former director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, describes the Albright-Knox as a must-see art museum - a small and intimate place, with one of the most arresting collections of 20th century art in the world. For another compact fine arts museum in New York, see the Frick Collection.
The Albright-Knox Art Gallery is part of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, established in 1862, which - along with the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington DC, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art in Hartford, and the Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven - is one of the oldest public arts institutions in the United States. The classical Greek-style gallery building, designed by local architect Edward B Green, was financed by the Buffalo philanthropist, John J. Albright, and built during the period 1890-1905. In 1962, thanks to donations by Seymour H. Knox Jr. and his family, the gallery was enlarged and its collection significantly expanded by almost 700 works. The institution was then renamed the Albright-Knox Art Gallery. The gallery building is listed in the American National Register of Historic Places.
The collection contains several smaller sub-collections, as follows:
The Natalie and Irving Forman Collection
The Panza Collection
The Dorothy and Herbert Vogel Collection
Among the most famous masterpieces of fine art in the Albright-Knox collection, are the following:
Vincent van Gogh (Expressionist)
Paul Gauguin (Post-Impressionist,
Ecole de Paris)
Frida Kahlo (Surrealist)
Arshile Gorky (Abstract Surrealist)
Louise Nevelson (Assemblage)
In June, 2007, Artemis and the Stag, a bronze sculpture, owned by the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, was auctioned at Sothebys in New York for $28.6 million - one of the highest ever prices paid for a piece of Greek sculpture. The sale highlighted the uncertainty attaching to the mission of the Albright-Knox, and its decision to deaccession a number of works which were deemed to fall outside the institution's historical core function of exhibiting modern era art. Specifically, it triggered sale rumours concerning paintings by the English artists William Hogarth and Sir Joshua Reynolds, as well as pictures by French painters Gustave Courbet, Honore Daumier, Jacques-Louis David and Eugene Delacroix.
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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ART