Carnegie Museum of Art
Pittsburgh: History, Galleries, Permanent Collection Highlights.



Carnegie Museum of Art. One of
the world's best art museums.

Carnegie Museum of Art (Pittsburgh)

Contents

Introduction
History
Museum Galleries
Highlights Of The Permanent Collection
Contact Details


PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Barnes Foundation
CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
J Paul Getty Museum Los Angeles
NEW YORK
Albright-Knox Art Gallery
Frick Collection
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
Guggenheim, New York
Whitney Museum of American Art
WASHINGTON DC
National Gallery of Art Washington DC
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Phillips Collection
MASSACHUSETTS
Museum of Fine Arts Boston
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
OTHER TOP ART MUSEUMS
Art Institute of Chicago
Detroit Institute of Arts
Museum of Fine Arts Houston
Indianapolis Museum of Art

Introduction

Among the best art museums in America, the Carnegie Museum contains one of the finest collections of modern art in America. Distinguished nationally and internationally, it's founder Andrew Carnegie envisioned a museum that would collect the 'Old Masters of tomorrow'. In the late 19th century he set about buying works by American artists Whistler (1834-1903) and Winslow Homer (1836-1910), as well as French Impressionists Edouard Manet (1832-83), Renoir (1841–1919) and Pissarro (1830-1903). Today the museum houses an array of contemporary art, including video and film works, as well as decorative art, and fine art dating back to the 16th century. The museum is also home to the Heinz Architectural Center which is dedicated to the study and exhibition of architectural drawings and models. The Hall of Architecture contains the third largest collection of architectural casts in the world. The marble Hall of Sculpture was modelled on the interior of the Greek Parthenon from the 5th century and contains reproductions of Egyptian, Roman and Greek sculpture. The latest addition to the museum, the Ailsa Mellon Bruce Galleries, contains nearly 500 objects items of decorative arts and design. The museum regularly hosts popular exhibitions, public programs, tours, lectures and courses.

BEST EUROPEAN GALLERIES
See: Art Museums in Europe.

LATEST EXHIBITIONS
For news of any major exhibitions
of fine arts being held at the
Carnegie Museum of Art, see:
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ART COURSES
For the top art and design
classes in Pittsburgh and
elsewhere in the state, see:
Pennsylvania Art Schools.
For fine arts courses across
America, see: Best Art Schools.

History

In 1886 the industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) wrote, 'I am thinking of incorporating with the plan for a library that of an art-gallery in which shall be preserved a record of the progress and development of visual art in America'. Considered the second richest man in history (after John D Rockefeller), Carnegie established his gallery nine years later in 1895. It was initially housed in the Carnegie Libraries at Oakland but soon moved to its current location today on Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh. It received its first major expansion in 1907 with the addition of the Bruce Galleries, Hall of Sculpture and Hall of Architecture (also financed by Carnegie). Initially the museum focused on acquiring what were then contemporary 19th century paintings from American artists, French Impressionists and Post Impressionists. Over the last century it has extended its scope to including American and European decorative arts from the 17th century as well as Japanese prints, African art and contemporary works in film, photography and video. In 1974 the Sarah Mellon Scaife Gallery was opened, more than doubling the museum's exhibition space as well as adding a cafe, bookstore, theatre and children's studio.

Museum Galleries

Hall of Sculpture

The Hall of Sculpture was opened in 1907. It was designed to look like the 5th century Greek Parthenon and is dominated by a 40 foot status of the Goddess Athena. It was constructed with pure white marble extracted from the same quarries in Greece which provided the stone for the Parthenon. Today the gallery displays statues and reliefs from its permanent collection, and hosts regular exhibitions of Greek art and similar works. The balcony overlooking the Hall is reserved for decorative arts, principally metal works, stained glass and ceramics dating from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries.

Ailsa Mellon Bruce Galleries

Originally constructed in 1907, the galleries are named after Ailsa Mellon Bruce, heiress to a business fortune and one of the great art collectors. Originally the galleries were constructed to house reproduction bronze casts from the ancient city of Pompeii, and later served as a temporary exhibition space. In 1976 the galleries became the museum's permanent home for it's collection of decorative arts and designs. Renovated in 2009, the galleries are primarily divided by century. The 18th century gallery contains interior pieces in the Rococo, late Baroque and Neoclassical styles. The 19th century gallery explores Art Nouveau and developments in the Crafts movement. The gallery also houses a complete suite of furniture from an 1830s Pittsburgh Greek revival mansion, displayed in a way to evoke its original setting and purpose. The gallery also displays examples from the Art Deco movement and more contemporary pieces.

Hall of Architecture

The Hall contains over 140 plaster casts of architectural historical masterpieces. This collection of architecture is only rivaled in size by the French National Museum of Monuments in Paris and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. It is unique in that it survives largely in tact since first collected in 1907. It is housed in the Architecture Hall which was inspired by the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, one of the original Seven Wonders of the World.

Heinz Architectural Center

Opened in 1993, the Heinz Center focuses primarily on architectural drawings, models and prints from the 19th and 20th centuries. The center also has its own gallery for relevant exhibitions and houses a study room and office space.

Highlights Of The Collection

The museum has over 75,000 objects of art in its collection, the majority of which can be viewed online through their website. The collection consists of painting, sculpture, drawing, mixed media, photography and decorative arts. Highlights of the museum's fine art paintings include:

Le Carrefour, Pontoise (1872)
By French Impressionist Camille Pissarro.

Water Lilies (c.1915-26)
By French Impressionist Claude Monet.

The Garden in the Rue Cortot, Montmartre (1876)
By Impressionist Renoir.

Glass of Water & Coffeepot (1761)
By French still-life painter Jean Chardin.

Landscape Near Aix, The Plain of the Arc River (1895)
Self-Portrait (c.1883-87)
By Post-Impressionist Paul Cezanne.

Henri Rouart in Front of his Factory (c. 1875)
Le Bain (The Bath) (1895)
By Impressionist figurepainter Edgar Degas.

The Lighthouse of Fehmarn (1912)
By German Expressionist and printmaker Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.

Portrait of Dr. Henri Bourges (1891)
By the master of poster art, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.

View of Saint-Mammes (c.1881)
By Impressionist landscape painter Alfred Sisley.

Dr. Washington Epps, My Doctor (1885)
By classical painter Lawrence Alma-Tadema.

Young Women Picking Fruit (1891)
By American female Impressionist Mary Cassatt, an important contributor to American Impressionism (1880-1900)

Anne in White (1920)
By American realist painter George Wesley Bellows, Ashcan School.

Place des Lices, St. Tropez (1893)
By Neo-Impressionist and founder of pointillism, Paul Signac.

House on the Outskirts of Paris (c.1905)
By naive/primitive painter Henri 'Le Douanier' Rousseau.

Cape Cod Afternoon (1936)
By American realist genre painter Edward Hopper.

The Wreck (1896)
By American realist genre painter Winslow Homer.

Venus Lamenting the Death of Adonis (1768)
By American expatriate portrait and history painter Benjamin West.

The museum has refreshed its line up of works with additions from painters like the pioneer modernist Marsden Hartley, abstract expressionist Mark Rothko, and Jackson Pollock, inventor of action painting.

Contact Details

Address
Carnegie Museum of Art
4400 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213

Telephone
+1 412 622-3131

Opening Times
Tuesday & Wednesday: 10am to 5pm
Friday & Saturday: 10am to 5pm
Thursday: 10am to 8pm
Sunday: 12pm to 5pm

 

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