For details of colour pigments
used by 18th century English
oil painters, see:
Century Colour palette.
WORLD'S BEST ARTISTS
For details of the best modern
painters, since 1800, see:
For a list of the Top 10 painters/
sculptors: Best Artists of All
For the best oils/watercolours,
see: Greatest Paintings Ever.
MEANING OF ART
For a discussion of the types,
values, and significance of the
visual arts, see: Definition of Art.
English Painters Born 1700-1800
Pioneer figurative painter; founder of English portraiture and genre-painting.
Scottish-born portrait painter, official portraitist to King George III.
Pioneer of English landscape painting.
Alexander Cozens (1717-86)
One of the first exclusively landscape painters; noted for monochrome
Hone the Elder (1718-84)
Irish portraitist settled in London; earliest of the 18th-century miniaturists.
Grand style portraitist, first President of London Royal Academy of Fine
Finest ever animalier and equestrian horse painter.
Francis Cotes (1725-70)
Follower of Reynolds, noted for his sensitive portraits in cool colours.
Outstanding portrait and landscape painter.
Johann Zoffany (1733-1810)
Fine genre painter, visual chronicler and portrait artist.
Wright of Derby (1734-97)
Highly original portraitist and genre painter, noted for candle-lit scenes.
George Romney (1734-1802)
Noted for his sympathetic, charming but mediocre portraits.
Of British parents, initially a portraitist, became a great history painter.
American artist active in London. Second President of Royal Academy.
Tilly Kettle (c.1740-86)
Follower of Reynolds who made a fortune painting Princes, Nabobs of India.
Richard Cosway (1740-1821)
Greatest English miniaturist painter of the close of the 18th-century.
John Hamilton Mortimer (1741-89)
Romantic, history painter; lifelong friend of Joseph Wright.
One of the best Irish artists in London, noted for his mythological
painting executed in the 'grand style'.
Swiss-born Romantic artist, symbolist painter.
Ozias Humphrey (1742-1810)
Miniaturist, pastel artist, later Portrait Painter in Crayons to
John Russell (1745-1806)
Miniaturist portrait artist in crayon, pastel, plumbago or lead pencil.
Henry Walton (1746-1813)
Genre painter of grace and charm in the manner of the great Jean Chardin.
John Robert Cozens (1752-99)
Son of Alexander Cozens; the finest landscape watercolourist of his day.
Thomas Stothard (1755-1834)
Illustrative artist noted for his literary painting and small book-illustrations.
Sir Henry Raeburn
Virtuoso portrait artist, a Scottish Holbein or Van Dyke.
Highly original engraver, etcher, watercolourist and illustrator.
John Hoppner (1758-1810)
Portrait painter to Prince of Wales (George IV) despite lack of individuality.
John Opie (1761-1807)
Best known for Portrait of the Painter and Portrait of a Boy.
Founder of Norwich school
of landscape painters, inspired by Hobbema.
President of the Royal Academy, polished/flashy Regency era portraitist.
Archer Shee (1769-1850)
President of the Royal Academy, good portraitist without Lawrence's vitality.
James Ward (1769-1859)
Much admired romantic, dramatic painter of animals in landscape settings.
England's first major watercolourist.
JMW Turner (1775-1851)
The greatest English watercolourist and landscape painter.
England's greatest naturalist landscape artist.
John Varley (1778-1842)
Influential drawing teacher, known for romantic lake and mountain scenes.
Sir Augustus Wall Callcott (1779-1844)
Landscape artist noted for classical schemes; known as "the English
John Sell Cotman
Drawing teacher, watercolourist painter of Norwich school, illustrator.
Samuel Prout (1783-1852)
Architectural water-colour painter of gothic cathedrals, churches, and
David Cox (1783-1859)
One of the great landscape artists, wrote treatise on watercolour painting.
Peter de Wint (1784-1849)
Landscape artist best known for his watercolours, and also some oil paintings.
Rural genre painter, inspired by Dutch Realists; popularized rustic scenes.
Benjamin Robert Haydon (1786-1846)
Tragi-comical painter of historical/religious paintings in the 'Grand
Talented Irish genre painter & colourist, a precursor of the Pre-Raphaelites.
William Etty (1787-1849)
Arguably the greatest English painter of the nude figure (York Art Gallery).
Famous for huge historical landscapes. Like Samuel Palmer, a great Romantic.
Charles Robert Leslie (1794-1859)
Painter of literary/historical themes, best known as biographer of Constable.