20th Century Painters
OF VISUAL ART
20th Century Painters
The 20th century was the stage for some of the greatest modern artists in history. Except for Impressionism, it witnessed all the influential movements of modern art (modernism), plus the more fragmented styles of contemporary art (postmodernism). From the most vivid colourism (Fauvism, Expressionism) to revolutionary intellectual painting (Cubism, Constructivism) and political art, (Entartete Kunst, Socialist Realism), the period gave rise to a wealth of schools, theories and differing aesthetics. Although the number of abstract painters increased substantially from the late 1900s onwards - in the form of Cubists, Suprematists, the De Stijl movement, Abstract Expressionism and the Minimalists - figurative artists continued to develop new techniques and methods. Mural painting enjoyed a Renaissance in Mexico; urban and social scenery were central to the Ashcan School, the Social Realists, Precisionists and Graffiti artists; while the Surrealists, the London School and the Photorealists all sought to express their own form of figuration. And of course there were the anti-art Dadaists to challenge all conventional aesthetics!
List of 20th Century Painters
Here is a quick reference guide to the most famous painters of the period. A few individuals are listed under more than one style.
GROUP (1905-13) (The Bridge)
BLAUE REITER GROUP (1911-14) (Blue Rider)
NEUE SACHLICHKEIT (New Objectivity) (1920s)
Note: For an explanation of some of the great works by painters of the Ecole de Paris, please see: Analysis of Modern Paintings (1800-2000).
NEW YORK (1900-1915)
MURAL PAINTING REVIVAL (c.1920-40)
REALIST PAINTERS (c.1928-80)
- SUPERREALISM (1960s onwards)
(Orphic Cubism) (1910-13)
Painters in the Inter-War Years (1919-39)
PAINTING (Pittura Metafisica) (c.1913-20)
& ART DECO (1920s)
PAINTERS (1924 onwards)
Post-War Painters (1945-60)
EXPRESSIONISM (COLOUR FIELD PAINTING)
& SHAPED CANVAS
PAINTERS (European Abstract Expressionism)
SCHOOL (Mid-20th Century)
- NOUVEAU REALISME (1953-65)
KINETIC ART (1950s, 1960s)
POP ART (1960s
PAINTERS (1970s onwards)
ARTISTS (YBAs) (1990s)
CENTURY FIGURATIVE PAINTERS
TO FIND A BIOGRAPHY OF A PARTICULAR
For more about 20th century painting, see: Homepage.
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ART HISTORY