Visual art of this period was especially active in Rome, where
a series of Popes employed so many visual artists on painting and sculptural
projects that they nearly bankrupted the Church.
Cortona fresco painter, drawing-master, influenced Michelangelo, Raphael.
Leonardo da Vinci
Greatest High Renaissance oil painter and draftsman, famous for his fresco
of The Last Supper, the portrait Mona Lisa, and other rare
Greatest sculptor of all time: his famous sculptures include Pieta
and David. Also known for his magnificent Genesis and Last
Judgement frescoes in the Sistine Chapel.
Renaissance painting prodigy, tapestry artist, decorated the Raphael
Sebastiano del Piombo
High Renaissance painter, rival of Raphael, friend of Michelangelo.
Andrea del Sarto
Greatest painter of the Florentine High Renaissance, once Leonardo, Michelangelo
and Raphael had left for Rome.
Antonio Allegri da Correggio
Parma artist, noted for illusionistic frescoes and altarpiece oil paintings.
Visual artists in Venice - mostly painters - were influenced by
the city's trading links, which provided them with a wider range of colour
pigments, and by the damp climate, which favoured oil painting over fresco.
Noted for scenes of Venice and portraits of Doges.
Famous for religious paintings; pioneer of Venetian oil painting.
Vittore Carpaccio (c.1465-1525/6)
Conservative but outstanding painter influenced by Gentile Bellini.
Leader of the Venetian School of painting.
Lorenzo Lotto (1480-1556)
Innovative Venetian painter, noted for religious altarpieces and portraits.
Greatest Venetian oil and fresco painter.
Jacopo Bassano (1515-1592)
Venetian Mannerist painter noted for his Biblical genre-paintings and
Jacopo Tintoretto (1518-1594)
Venetian painter noted for his large-scale religious works.
Paolo Veronese (1528-1588)
One of Venice's leading colourists; his masterpiece is The Wedding
Broadly speaking, visual artists in Flanders, Holland, England
and Germany were less sophisticated than their Italian counterparts, except
in the area of oil painting and printmaking.
Campin (Master of Flemalle) (c.1378-1444)
Early Northern Renaissance master, known for Merode Altarpiece.
Jan van Eyck (1390-1441)
Pioneer of oil painting, famous for his realistic portraits, Arnolfini
Stefan Lochner (c.1400-51)
Late Gothic German painter of the Cologne School.
Roger Van der Weyden
Outstanding Netherlandish religious panel-painter.
Dieric Bouts (c.1410/20-75)
Flemish painter (Louvain school), noted for devotional images, altarpieces.
Michel Colombe (c.1430-1512)
French sculptor, created the tomb of Francis II of Brittany.
Hans Memling (c.1433-94)
Flemish religious painter, portraitist; pupil of Roger Van der Weyden.
Michael Pacher (1434-98)
Late Gothic/Renaissance painter and sculptor, active in South Tyrol, Austria.
Hugo Van Der Goes
Early oil painter, famous for Portinari Altarpiece and Death
of The Virgin.
Veit Stoss (c.1447-1533)
Late Gothic German master wood-carver.
German religious painter, engraver and graphic artist.
Most creative of all medieval painters; famous for complex moralizing
Arguably the greatest Late Gothic German wood-carver.
Gregor Erhart (c.1460-1540)
Late Gothic German sculptor in wood/stone; made the Blaubeuren Altarpiece.
Quentin Massys (c.1465-1530)
Antwerp genre painter, also known for caricaturist-style portraits.
Noted for his intense expressionist religious paintings; Isenheim Altarpiece.
Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)
The greatest German painter and printmaker of the Northern Renaissance.
Lucas Cranach the
Leading German portraitist.
A leader of the Romantic Danube School of landscape art.
Hans Baldung Grien
Strasbourg painter, engraver, noted for Freiburg altarpiece and woodcuts.
Netherlandish Renaissance landscape artist, noted for Biblical scenes.
Hans Holbein The
One of the greatest of German portrait painters.
Pieter Bruegel the
Leading Flemish artist of his day, master landscape painter.
Leader of the English school of miniature painting.
Visual artists known as Mannerists were less balanced and more
extravagant than their Renaissance ancestors. This was a reflection of
the uncertainties of the age.
The greatest Spanish Mannerist sculptor; noted for religious works.
Jacopo Sansovino (1486-1570)
Florence-born sculptor, active in Venetian architecture.
Noted for his exquisite terracotta statuettes.
Florentine painter; leader of the French Fontainebleau School of Mannerism.
Jacopo Pontormo (1494-1556)
First Florentine Mannerist painter, noted for altarpieces, frescoes, portraits.
Giulio Romano (1499-1546)
Chief assistant to Raphael, famous for his fresco murals in the Palazzo
Goldsmith, medallionist and sculptor to Pope Clement VII/Francis I.
Mannerist painter, etcher; Correggio's younger contemporary from Parma.
Agnolo Bronzino (1503-1572)
Florentine Mannerist, pupil of Pontormo, best known for his cool portraits.
Architect/Sculptor, leader of the First School of Fontainebleau.
Juan de Juni (1507-1577)
French artist active in Spain; compares with Alonso Berruguete.
Federico Barocci (1526-1612)
Finest 16th century painter in Urbino and Le Marche region of central
Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1527-93)
Best-known for his unique fruit & vegetable portraits.
Germain Pilon (1529-1590)
The most powerful and innovative 16th century French sculptor.
Hugely influential Mannerist sculptor: active in Italy.
French artist, sculptor to King Henry IV of France.
Jean Goujon (Active 1540-1563)
French sculptor best known for the Fountain of the Innocents.
El Greco (Domenikos Theotocopoulos)
Greek painter, active in Spain; noted for dazzling spiritual works and
Adriaen de Vries (1560-1626)
Dutch artist, pupil of Giambologna, outstanding bronze sculptor.
Stefano Maderno (1576-1636)
Rome sculptor, best known for his marble statue of St Cecilia in
Visual artists of the Baroque era were often commissioned by the
Catholic Church to inspire the faithful, while promoting the religious
teachings of Rome.
Mannerist/Baroque painter noted for Farnese Gallery frescos.
First Spanish painter to introduce tenebrism, in the manner of Caravaggio.
Juan Martinez Montanes
Finest Spanish sculptor and wood-carver of the 17th century.
Milanese painter noted for his figurative realism, tenebrism, chiaroscuro.
Guido Reni (1575-1642)
Classical Baroque painter, member of the Bolognese school.
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Greatest Baroque history painter and portraitist.
Adam Elsheimer (1578-1610)
Shortlived but influential landscape artist and history painter.
Fresco/landscape painter; follower of the Carracci and the Bolognese School.
Giovanni Lanfranco (1582-1647)
Leading High Baroque painter, key member of Neapolitan School of painting.
Simon Vouet (1590-1649)
President of Academy of Art in Rome; also court painter to King Louis
Jusepe (Jose) de Ribera
Spanish realist religious painter, active in Naples.
Italian Baroque painter, famed for his drawing, disegno and colorito.
Georges de La Tour
Leader of French caravaggisti, noted for tenebrism/chiaroscuro.
Best 17th century female painter; noted for Judith Beheading Holofernes.
Jacob Jordaens (1593-1678)
Leading Flemish Baroque painter after the death of Rubens.
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
One of the greatest classical academic painters.
Pietro da Cortona
Finest Italian fresco painter of the Baroque; tapestry designer, architect.
Flemish artist; rated with Algardi as the top sculptor in Rome after Bernini.
Bernini's great rival. Master of marble, ivory and gold sculpture.
Francisco de Zurbaran
Spanish religious painter, master of chiaroscuro, and still-life.
Giovanni Bernini (1598-1680)
The leading sculptor/architect of the Counter-Reformation Baroque.
Anthony Van Dyck
Outstanding portraitist, pupil of Rubens.
Diego Velazquez (1599-1660)
Painter to the Kings of Spain; arguably the greatest Spanish Old Master.
Claude Lorrain (1600-82)
Classical Italianate landscape artist, inventor of Claudean style.
Le Nain Brothers
French portraitists, genre painters in the tradition of Dutch realism.
Alonso Cano (1601-1667)
Spanish sculptor, painter, architect; "the Spanish Michelangelo".
Benedetto, "Il Grechetto") (1609-64)
Italian Baroque artist, invented monotype; noted for animal scenes, etchings.
Mattia Preti (1613-99)
Fresco painter best known for his contribution to Neapolitan Baroque painting.
Salvator Rosa (1615-73)
The anti-classical wild child of the Italian Baroque.
Spanish religious painter; also noted for sentimental genre-works.
Charles Le Brun (1619-90)
French painter, Director of French Academy, Gobelins tapestry factory.
Pierre Puget (1622-1694)
One of the greatest French sculptors of the 17th century.
The most classical of sculptors at Versailles.
Luca Giordano (1634-1705)
With Solimena, the leading Neapolitan Fresco painter of the late 17th
Antoine Coysevox (1640-1720)
French sculptor, best known for his busts of Louis XIV and Charles Lebrun.
Grinling Gibbons (1648-1721)
England's greatest ever wood carver in limewood.
Leading Dresden sculptor, carved in wood, ivory, stone, coloured marble.
Francesco Solimena (1657-1747)
Neapolitan virtuoso fresco painter of the late Baroque.
Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743)
Late Baroque French portrait painter of Louis XIV and other royalty.
Andreas Schluter (1664-1714)
German sculptor/architect associated with Petrine Baroque style.
French sculptor best known for Horse Restrained by a Groom.