Spanish Baroque Artists
Painters, Sculptors, Architects, Printmakers in 17th Century Spain.

Pin it

Portrait of Archimedes (1630)
Prado Museum, Madrid.
By Jusepe Ribera, one of the
great Spanish exponents of
Baroque portrait art.

French Baroque Artists
Dutch Realist Artists
Italian Baroque Artists
German Baroque Artists

For details of colour painting
pigments and hues used by
Spanish Baroque painters,
see: 18th Century Colour Palette.

Spanish Baroque Artists (c. 1600-1700)

Spanish Baroque Art

Spain was ruled during most of the 16th century by two Monarchs, the Emperor Charles V (1516-1556) and then his son Philip II (1556-1598), both of whom sought to centralise their royal power and strongly identified the Crown with the Church. Although Philip II in particular was interested in and informed about the arts, and commissioned works from a wide range of artists including Titian, Hieronymus Bosch as well as El Greco, patronage in Spain came mainly from the Church. The latter was especially traditionalist, and the Counter-Reformation in Spain developed along very orthodox lines, closely adhering to the doctrines of the Council of Trent, and emphasizing in art those themes being challenged by Protestantism - the Immaculate Conception and the cult of the Virgin; the Sacraments; the intercession of the Saints. Although Protestantism never penetrated Spain, Catholic Counter-Reformation art was very popular. The Jesuit Order, a Spanish creation, was one expression of the nation's religious fervor.

The characteristic Spanish style of Baroque art owes much to the national pride in the example of her visionaries and martyrs - and their sometimes hideously gory sufferings. Spanish dignity, her pride in her faith, her empire and her nobility, so evident in the portraiture of the period, could easily erupt into sometimes ferocious passion. Thus, the mystic strain in Spanish art was accompanied by a relish for physical detail, a delight in intense realism.

Christ Crucified (c.1630)
Prado Museum, Madrid. One of
Velazquez's key contributions to
Catholic Counter-Reformation Art.

See: History of Art.
For chronology and dates
see: History of Art Timeline.

For the finest oils and frescoes,
see: Best Baroque Paintings.

For more about architectural design
during the 17th century, see:
Baroque Architecture.

For biographies and paintings
of the greatest artists in Europe
from the Renaissance to 1800,
see: Old Masters: Top 100.

For a list of the Top 10 painters/
sculptors: Best Artists of All Time.

For more on the history of art
see: Fine Art Painting.
For the history of oils,
see: Oil Painting.

Development of Spanish Baroque Painting & Sculpture

Spanish painting during the Early and High Renaissance periods (c.1400-1530) produced few Spanish Renaissance artists of any stature and little art of any enduring quality, . Even the Mannerist era in Spain (c.1530-1600) witnessed only one great painter - the Greek artist Domenikos Theotokopoulos, better known as El Greco (1541-1614). By the time El Greco died in 1614, Toledo had ceased to be the capital of Castile and Spain; the court was settled in Madrid and other cities, too, had developed and prospered. Early in the 17th century Baroque painting flourished especially in two centres, Valencia and Seville, thanks to artists like the tenebroso Francisco Ribalta (1565–1628).

Then suddenly, from the later part of the 16th century, Spain is awash with great Baroque painters; the great devotional artist Francisco de Zurbaran (1598-1644); the monumental figurative painter and court portraitist to King Philip IV, Diego Velazquez (1599-1660); the leading Spanish flower-painter Juan de Arellano (1614-76); the sentimentalist artist from Seville, Bartolome Esteban Murillo (1617-82); Charles II's court portrait artist in Madrid, Claudio Coello (1642-93) and the Cordoban painter and engraver Juan de Valdes Leal (1622-90) who founded the Seville Academy of Fine Arts, among others.

In addition, the Spanish colony of Naples (in 1600, the second largest city in the whole of Europe) was an important centre of Counter-Reformation art, whose leaders included the Spanish Caravaggist Jose Ribera (1591-1652). For more, see: Painting in Naples (1600-1700). For more about caravaggism in the city, see: Caravaggio in Naples (1607, 1609-10).

See also: Baroque Sculptors.


List of Spanish Baroque Artists

Angel, Pedro (Active 1583-1617) Graphic Artist
Antolinez, Jose (1635-1675) Painter (Madrid)
Arellano, Juan De (1614-1676) Painter (Madrid)
Barrera, Francisco (1595-1658) Painter (Madrid)
Bobadilla, Jeronimo De (c.1620-1709) Painter (Seville)
Bocanegra, Pedro Anastasio (1638-1689) Painter (Granada)
Cabezalero, Juan Martin (1633-1673) Painter (Madrid)
Cajes, Eugenio (1575-1634) Painter (Madrid)
Camilo, Francisco (1615-1673) Painter (Madrid)
Camprobin, Pedro De (1605-1674) Painter (Seville)
Cano, Alonso (1601-1667) Painter; also ranked among the greatest architects
Carducho, Vicente (1576-1638) Painter
Carreno De Miranda, Juan (1614-1685) Painter (Madrid)
Castello, Vicente (c.1588-c.1636) Painter (Valencia)
Castillo, Antonio Del (1616-1668) Painter (Cordoba)
Castillo, Juan Del (c.1590-c.1657) Painter (Seville)
Cerezo, Mateo The Younger (c.1626-1666) Painter (Madrid)
Churriguera, Jose Benito (1665-1725) Architect
Coello, Claudio (1642-1693) Painter (Madrid)
Collantes, Francisco (1599-1656) Painter (Madrid)
Corte, Gabriel De La (1648-1694) Painter (Madrid)
Corte, Juan De La (c.1590-1662) Painter (Madrid)
Díaz, Diego Valentin (1586-1680) Painter (Valladolid)
Do, Giovanni (c.1617-1656) Painter (Naples)
Escalante, Juan Antonio Frias Y (1633-1670) Painter (Madrid)
Espinosa, Juan Bautista De (1590-1641) Painter
Espinosa, Juan De (1628-1659) Painter (Madrid)
Fernandez, Gregorio (c.1576-1636) Sculptor (Valladolid)
Gonzalez, Bartolome(1564-1627) Painter
Gutiérrez, Juan Simon (1643-1718) Painter (Seville)
Hamen, Juan Van Der (1596-1631) Painter (Madrid)
Herrera, Francisco De, The Elder (c.1590-1656) Painter
Herrera, Francisco De, The Younger (1622-1685) Painter
Hiepes, Tomas (c.1610-1674) Painter (Valencia)
Iriarte, Ignacio De (1621-1670) Painter (Seville)
Ledesma, Blas De (1602-1614) Painter (Granada)
Maino, Fray Juan Bautista (1581-1649) Painter (Madrid)
Martínez, Jusepe (1600-1682) Painter
Mazo, Juan Bautista Martinez Del (1610-1667) Painter (Madrid)
Mena, Pedro De (1628-1688) Sculptor
Montanes, Juan Martinez (1568-1649) Sculptor
Moya, Pedro De (1610-1674) Painter
Murillo, Bartolome Esteban (1617-1682) Painter (Seville)
Nunez De Villavicencio, Pedro (1640-1700) Painter (Seville)
Orrente, Pedro (c.1580-1645) Painter (Valencia)
Pacheco, Francisco (1564-1654) Painter (Seville)
Palomino, Acislo Antonio (1655-1726) Painter
Pareja, Juan De (c.1606-c.1670) Painter
Pereda, Antonio De (1611-1678) Painter (Madrid)
Perez Sierra, Francisco (1627-1709) Painter (Madrid)
Perez, Bartolome (1634-1693) Painter (Madrid)
Ponce, Antonio (1608-1677) Painter (Madrid)
Puga, Antonio (1602-1648) Painter (Madrid)
Ramirez, Felipe (1628-1631) Painter (Toledo)
Ribalta, Francisco (1565-1628) Painter (Madrid, Valencia)
Ribalta, Juan (1597-1628) Painter (Valencia)
Ribera, Jusepe De (1591-1652) Painter (Italy)
Rizi, Francisco (1614-1685) Painter (Madrid)
Roelas, Juan De Las (c.1560-1625) Painter (Seville)
Roldan, Pedro (1624-1699) Sculptor (Seville)
Salzillo, Francisco (1707-1783) Sculptor
Sanchez Cotan, Juan (1561-1627) Painter
Solís, Francisco De (c.1620-1684) Painter (Madrid)
Spagnoletto, Lo (nickname for Ribera, Jusepe De) (1591-1652) Painter
Tome, Narcisco (Active 1715-1742) Sculptor
Torres, Clemente De (c.1662-1730) Painter
Tristan, Luis (1586-1624) Painter (Toledo)
Valdes Leal, Juan De (1622-1690) Painter (Seville)
Velazquez, Diego Rodriguez De Silva Y (1599-1660) Painter
Viladomat Y Manalt, Antonio (1678-1755) Painter (Barcelona)
Villandrando, Rodrigo De (Active 1608-1622) Painter (Madrid)
Zurbaran, Francisco De (1598-1664) Painter
Zurbaran, Juan De (1620-1649) Painter (Seville)

Masterpieces by Early/Late Spanish Baroque Painters (1600-1700)

VELAZQUEZ (1599-1660)
- Waterseller of Seville (1618-22) Apsley House, London.
- The Surrender of Breda (1634-5) Prado, Madrid.
- The Rokeby Venus (1647-51) National Gallery, London.
- Portrait of Pope Innocent X (1650) Doria Pamphilj Gallery, Rome.
- Las Meninas (1656) Prado, Madrid.

Further Resources

Baroque Architects
Baroque Sculpture
Flemish Baroque (1600-80)
Dutch Baroque (1600-80)
Spanish Baroque (1600-1700)


• For a list of the top painters/sculptors, see: Visual Artists: Greatest.
• For information about 17th century visual arts, see: Homepage.

© All rights reserved.