Best Spanish Baroque
El Greco (1541-1614)
His intense religious paintings
made a huge contribution to Baroque painting in Spain. See the Mannerist
section in Greatest Renaissance Paintings.
Jusepe Ribera (1591-1652)
Naples-based caravaggist. See: Neapolitan
Baroque Painting (c.1650-1700).
The Holy Trinity (1635) oil on canvas, Prado Museum, Madrid
Saint Paul the Hermit (1640) oil on canvas, Prado, Madrid
Francisco Zurbaran (1598-1664)
Pious master of chiaroscuro, known for his monastic religious paintings.
Still Life with Oranges and Lemons (1633) oil, Fondazione Contini-Bonacossi
Christ on the Cross (1627) oil on canvas, Art Institute of Chicago
Diego Velazquez (1599-1660)
Madrid Royal Court painter, outstanding portraitist.
of Seville (1618-22) Apsley House, London.
- Christ Crucified
(1632) Prado, Madrid.
- Surrender of
Breda (1634-5) Prado, Madrid.
- Rokeby Venus
(1647-51) National Gallery, London.
of Pope Innocent X (1650) Doria Pamphilj Gallery, Rome.
- Las Meninas
(1656) Prado Museum, Madrid
Bartolome Esteban Murillo (1618-1682)
Popular painter of religious and genre-scenes.
Immaculate Conception of the Escorial (1678) Prado Museum, Madrid
Baroque Artists. See also: Spanish
Best French Baroque Paintings
Simon Vouet (1590-1649)
Master of drawing, noted for portraits, religious and allegorical works.
Presentation in the Temple (1641) Louvre, Paris
Georges de La Tour (15931652)
Lorraine-born painter, great colours and tenebrism,
influenced by Caravaggio.
St Thomas (1625-30) Louvre, Paris
The Cheat with the Ace of Clubs (1632) Kimbell Art Museum, Fort
The Payment of Taxes (1643) Lvov Art Gallery, Ukraine
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
French artist, active in Rome; one of the greatest classical academic
Et in Arcadia Ego
(1637) Louvre, Paris
of the Sabine Women (1638) Metropolitan/Louvre
The Holy Family on the Steps (1648) National Gallery, Washington
Claude Lorrain (1600-82)
Classical Italianate landscape painter, inventor of Claudean style.
Landscape with Marriage of Isaac and Rebecca (1648) National Gallery,
Le Nain Brothers (Louis, Antoine,
Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648)
Famous for realist peasant scenes in the manner of Velazquez.
Antoine Le Nain (c.15991648)
Best remembered for small-scale genre works.
Mathieu Le Nain (1607-1677)
Noted for polished paintings of cavaliers and other genre subjects.
Philippe de Champaigne (1602-74)
Flemish-born French artist, noted for religious paintings and portraits.
Triple Portrait of Cardinal Richlieu (1642) National Gallery, London
Charles Le Brun (1619-90)
French painter, Director of French Academy, Gobelins
The Adoration of the Shepherds (1689) Louvre, Paris.
Christ on the Cross (1637) Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow.
Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743)
French portrait artist to Louis XIV and Louis XV.
Portrait of Louis XIV in Coronation Robes (1701) Louvre, Paris
Baroque Artists. See also: French Painting.
Best Flemish Baroque Paintings
Arguably the greatest Baroque history painter of the period.
Samson and Delilah
(1609-10) oil on wood, National Gallery, London
from the Cross (Rubens) (1611-14) Cathedal of Our Lady, Antwerp
of the Daughters of Leucippus (1618) oil, Alte Pinacothek, Munich
of Paris (1632-6) National Gallery, London.
Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641)
Pupil of Rubens, famous for his portraiture.
Portrait of Cardinal Bentivoglio (1623) oil on canvas, Palazzo
King Charles I of England in Hunting Dress (1635) oil on canvas,
Jacob Jordaens (15931678)
Active in Antwerp, collaborated on paintings with Rubens.
The Four Evangelists (1625) Louvre, Paris
Jan Bruegel the Elder (15681625)
Son of Pieter Bruegel; known as 'velvet Bruegel' for his polished landscapes.
Landscape with Windmills (1607) Prado Museum, Madrid
Frans Snyders (15791657)
Still life painter; active in Antwerp, collaborated with Rubens.
The Butcher (1635) Pushkin
Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow
David Teniers the Younger (16101691)
Antwerp painter, pupil of Rubens and Elsheimer.
The Archduke Leopold's Gallery (1651) Petworth House, UK
Baroque. See also: Flemish Painters
and Flemish Painting.
Best Dutch Baroque
Frans Hals (1582-1666)
First great portraitist of the 17th century Dutch Golden Age.
The Laughing Cavalier
(1624) oil on canvas, Wallace Collection, London
Hendrik Terbrugghen (1588-1629)
Utrecht artist noted for his genre-paintings.
Flute Players (1621) Staatliche Kunstsammlung, Kassel.
Gerrit van Honthorst (1592-1656)
Caravaggist genre painter of Utrecht school.
Christ Before the High Priest (1617) National Gallery, London.
World's greatest ever portrait artist; master of etching and chiaroscuro.
Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) Mauritshuis, The Hague
The Night Watch
(1642) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Contemplating the Bust of Homer (1653) Metropolitan Museum, NY
Holding King David's Letter (1654) Louvre, Paris
Portrait of Jan
Six (1654) Private Collection, Amsterdam
Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis (1661) Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
of the Cloth-Makers Guild (1662) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Suicide of Lucretia
(c.1666) Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Bride (c.1665-8) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
of the Prodigal Son (1666-69) Hermitage, St Petersburg
Jan Davidsz de Heem (1606-83)
Still life master of the Utrecht/Antwerp School.
A Table of Desserts (1640) Louvre, Paris
Adriaen van Ostade (1610-85)
Painter of peasant scenes, from Haarlem.
The Smoker (1655) Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg.
Harmen van Steenwyck (1612-56)
Foremost exponent of vanitas still life painting.
An Allegory of the Vanities of Human Life (1640) National Gallery,
Emanuel de Witte (1616-92)
Dutch painter noted for his architectural paintings of church interiors.
Interior of the Oude Kerk Amsterdam (1669) Private Collection
Willem Kalf (1619-93)
One of the greatest Dutch still life artists.
Still Life with Chinese Porcelain Jar (1662) oil on canvas, Gemaldegalerie,
Aelbert Cuyp (1620-91)
Dutch landscape painter from Dordrecht.
Dordrecht from the North (1650) oil on canvas, Rothschild Collection.
River Landscape with Horseman and Peasants (1658) National Gallery,
Jan Steen (1626-79)
Leiden artist noted for his tavern genre paintings.
The Christening Feast (1664) Wallace Collection, London.
Samuel Van Hoogstraten (1627-78)
Genre painter, noted for interiors.
View down the Corridor (1662) Dyrham Park, UK
Gabriel Metsu (1629-67)
Leiden painter of small-scale genre scenes.
The Sick Child (1660) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
Pieter de Hooch (1629-84)
Dutch genre painter from Delft. A follower of Vermeer.
Courtyard of a House in Delft (1658) oil on canvas, National Gallery,
Jan Vermeer (1632-1675)
The greatest Dutch Realist painter; leader of Delft school.
Street (Street in Delft) (c.1657-58) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
and a Laughing Girl (c.1658) Frick Collection, New York
The Milkmaid (c.1658-1660)
a Balance (1662-3) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
Woman with a Water Jug/Pitcher (c.1662) Metropolitan Museum, NY
a Pearl Necklace (c.1663) Gemaldegalerie, SMPK, Berlin
a Pearl Earring (1665) Mauritshuis, The Hague
Girl with a Red
Hat (c.1666-1667) National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
The Art of Painting:
An Allegory (c.1666-73) K.M. Vienna
The Lacemaker (c.1669-1670)
Rachel Ruysch (1664-1750)
Leading Baroque flower painter.
Flowers, Fruit, and Insects (1716) Palazzo Pitti, Florence.
Baroque. See also: Dutch
Realist School and Dutch Realist
Best German Baroque
Adam Elsheimer (1578-1610)
Influential German history painter and landscape artist.
Flight into Egypt (1609) oil on copper, Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
For more about painters in Germany and
Austria during the 17th century, please see: German
The best Baroque paintings hang in the
best art museums around the world.