Gaston La Touche (1854-1913)
Best known for his supreme skills as a colourist, he produced easel paintings,
pastels and large scale decorative paintings noted for their nostalgia.
John Leech (1881-1968)
Irish painter and illustrator, noted as a strong colourist, being influenced
by both the Impressionists, and Post-Impressionists. He joined the Breton
artist colony at Concarneau, where he developed the bright rich colour
palette which became his hallmark, and his understanding of sunlight and
Maximilien Luce (1858-1941)
Trained as a wood engraver, he learned painting from 'Carolus-Duran' and
soon adopted Pointillism in his landscapes, figure scenes, and townscapes,
as well as his signature pictures of Belgian mining districts.
Albert Maignan (1845-1908)
Initially a follower of the Barbizon School, he gave up landscapes to
embark on a successful career as a history painter.
Moved from a sombre form of landscape painting in the manner of Barbizon,
to Impressionism and the work of Puvis de Chavannes. Turned to sculpture
in the late 1890s due to failing eyesight.
Henri Martin (1860-1943)
A Neo-Impressionist he made his reputation as a decorative artist. The
subject matter of his pictures was almost exclusively landscapes and contemporary
One of the greatest Post-Impressionist painters, he emancipated colour
from its traditional uses, revolutionizing 20th century art in the process.
See, for instance, his influence on the Scottish
Colourists (1904-30). An expressionist, without the violence of German
expressionism, he became the undisputed leader of Fauvism. A sculptor
and lover of ceramics, he later explored collages of gouache cut-outs.
Symbolist painter best known for his pictures of classical, biblical subjects,
in a technique derived from Leonardo, Mantegna and Delacroix. Although
strictly speaking not a Post-Impressionist, he exerted an important influence
on Matisse, Rouault, and other fauvists, and anticipated Surrealism.
Norwegian painter whose simple forms and non-naturalistic colours owe
much to Impressionism and its aftermath. Became one of the greatest exponents
The greatest of all Irish Post-Impressionists, he joined the artist community
in the Breton village of Pont-Aven, where he painted with Paul Gauguin
and others. Some of his 1890s paintings show clear traces of the colourism
style which later became famous as Fauvism.
Frederick Osborne (18591903)
One of the great Irish Post-Impressionists, he devoted two years to plein
air painting in Brittany. His dark palette eventually gave way to brighter
colours and he demonstrated an increasing interest in sunlight and shadow.
Negatively influenced by what he considered to be the prettifying tendencies
of Impressionism, his monochrome Blue Period paintings illustrate the
deeply felt expressionism of his youth.
After making his name as an Impressionist, he met Seurat and Signac and
adopted their Pointillist technique in 1886-8. He also shared the Anarchist
beliefs of most of the Neo-Impressionist group.
Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944)
Taught painting by Camille, his father; after 1885 he was influenced by
Seurat and the Neo-Impressionists. In 1890 he moved to London where he
mixed with the Arts and Crafts circle. He was a founder member of the
Camden Town Group in 1911, the London
Group in 1913 and the Monarro Group in 1919.
Puvis de Chavannes (1824-98)
Noted for his monumental mural paintings, he became a precurssor of the
Symbolist movement and the leading decorative artist in France at the
end of the century.
Jean-Francois Raffaelli (1850-1924)
An exhibitor at the 1870 Salon, he turned to Realism in 1876 and Impressionism
not long after. His subject matter gradually changed from working class
figure subjects to landscapes and Parisian townscapes.
Paul Ranson (1862-1909)
Co-founder of Les Nabis he studied at the School of Decorative Arts in
Paris, joining the circle of Bonnard, Vuillard and Roussel in 1889. Produced
decorative panel paintings, tapestries, ceramics, illustrations and puppet-sets.
Trained as an architect and then as a painter. After a mental breakdown
he learned etching and engraving, but after 1879 he devoted himself to
charcoal drawing, lithography and a few oils. After 1895 his paintings
suddenly became full of vivid colours. An important precursor of Surrealism.
Alfred Philippe Roll (1846-1919)
He painted portraits, genre scenes, idealist figure-subjects and landscapes
based on a deep study of nature.
The greatest of the self-taught primitive painters, noted for his exotic
jungle pictures and his hieratic "Egyptian-style" of draughtsmanship.
Ker-Xavier Roussel (1867-1944)
A member of the Nabis he was strongly influenced by the Intimism of Vuillard,
whose sister he married in 1893. Later he turned to large scale decorative
schemes and to classical subject matter.
Founder and driving force behind the symbolist decorative art group Les
Nabis, his revolutionary landscape The Talisman became their
pictorial manifesto. A regular visitor to Brittany, he was a close friend
One of the most famous Post-Impressionist painters, he was the first painter
to systematically study the theory of Divisionism
- and his best-known for his masterpieces: A
Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1884-6, Art
Institute of Chicago), and Bathers
at Asnieres (1884, National Gallery, London).
An expert on colour in painting
and an Anarchist, he was mainly a landscape painter, although he painted
occasionally major figure paintings before 1900. Became the leader of
the Neo-Impressionists after Seurat's death, and greatly extended the
brightness of Pointillism's palette. He was the first to coin the term
"Divisionism" in his book From Eugene Delacroix to Neo-Impressionism,
published in 1899.
Known as much for his experimental lithographs as for his paintings, he
drew upon the local scenes of Montmartre for his night-club pictures and
music hall scenes.
Alcoholic illegitimate son of Renoir's model Suzanne Valadon and Pierre
Puvis de Chavannes, best known for his loose impastoed Paris cityscapes,
notably his views of Montmartre. Best period was his "White Period"
Van Gogh (1853-1890)
One of the most influential Post-Impressionist painters, sfter moving
to Paris he lightened his colour palette under the influence of Impressionism,
before moving to Arles in Provence, where he developed the brilliant colours,
agitated, brushwork and thick impasto
of his ultimate style. Almost all his paintings were autobiographical.
For later Dutch 'luminists' (Divisionists), see: Post-Impressionism
in Holland (1880-1920).
de Vlaminck (1876-1958)
Novelist, racing cyclist and artist, he turned to painting after seeing
a Van Gogh exhibition in 1901. Self-taught but worked closely with Derain
and other Fauvist painters; he turned
later to more subdued colour under the influence of Cezanne, evolving
the sombre expressive landscapes of his later years.
A member of the Nabis and a close friend of Bonnard, he later developed
his own style of Post-Impressionism - based on scenes from his mother's
apartment in Paris - known as Intimism.
Norwegian post-Impressionist landscape artist, leader of Skagen artists.
British Post-Impressionist, leader of Camden Town Group & London Group.
Danish Intimist-style "interiors" genre-painter.